Discussion Papers

The Beijer Discussion Paper series constitutes a forum for unpublished papers by Beijer researchers or Beijer fellows whose content should be subject to discussions and comments.

Discussion Papers with no attached PDF-file can be ordered by e-mailing

267. Discounting in the Presence of Scarce Ecosystem Services
Xueqin Zhu, Sjak Smulders and Aart de Zeeuw. 2019. PDF

266. The role of seafood for sustainable and healthy diets - The EAT-Lancet commission report through a blue lens.
Max Troell, Malin Jonell and Beatrice Crona. 2019. PDF

265. The Tipping Game.
Florian Wagener and Aart de Zeeuw. 2018. PDF

264. Jan Tinbergen, from Mathematics to Poverty and Environment
Aart de Zeeuw. 2018. PDF

263. Avoiding catastrophic collapse in small scale fisheries through inefficient cooperation: evidence from a framed field experiment
Therese Lindahl and Rawadee Jarungrattanapong. 2018. PDF

262. An explicit formula for optimal carbon taxes under general economic settings
Chuan-Zhong Li. 2018. PDF

261. The Unintended Consequences of a Global Carbon Tax
Gustav Engström, Johan Gars, Chandra Kiran, Raphael Calel, Therese Lindahl, Badri G. Narayanan and Daniel Spiro. 2018. PDF

260. Addressing Pathological Dynamics of Global Environmental Problems
Garry D. Peterson, Reinette Biggs, Anne-Sophie Crépin, and Victor Galaz. 2017.

259. An Ecological Golden Rule
Ram Fishman and Chandra Kiran Krishnamurthy. 2017. PDF

258. An Energy-centric Theory of Agglomeration
Juan Moreno-Cruz and M. Scott Taylor. 2016. PDF

257. Climate Change Policy under Spatial Heat Transport and Polar Amplifi…cation
William Brock and Anastasios Xepapadeas. 2016. PDF

256. Non-Cooperative and Cooperative Responses to Climate Catastrophes in the Global Economy: A North-South Perspective
Frederick van der Ploeg and Aart de Zeeuw. 2016. PDF

255. Optimal Management of Ecosystem Services with Pollution Traps: The Lake Model Revisited.
Dieter Grass, Anastasios Xepapadeas and Aart de Zeeuw. 2015. PDF

254. Managing renewable resources facing the risk of regime shifts.
Aart de Zeeuw and Xiaoli He. 2015. PDF

253. Transboundary Capital and Pollution Flows and the Emergence of Regional Inequalities
Simon Levin and Anastasios Xepapadeas. 2015. PDF

252. Distributional Implications of Electricity Taxation: An Assessment using Household Survey Data from 11 OECD countries
Chandra Kiran B Krishnamurthy. 2015. PDF

251. Growth, Water Resilience, and Sustainability: A DSGE Model Applied to South Africa
Chuan-Zhong Li and Ranjula Bali Swain. 2015. PDF

250. Climatic tipping points and optimal fossil fuel use
Gustav Engström and Johan Gars. 2015. PDF

249. Indicators for sustainable seafood production
Anne-Sophie Crépin, Sebastian Petrick, Edgar Morgenroth, Michel André, Arne Eide, Øystein Hermansen, John Isaksen, Therese Lindahl, Anna Stammler-Gossman and Max Troell. 2014. PDF

248. Nudge for environmental protection
Therese Lindahl and Britt Stikvoort. 2014. PDF

247. Atmospheric Pollution in Rapidly Growing Urban Centers: Spatial Policies and Land Use Patterns
Efthymia Kyriakopoulou and Anastasios Xepapadeas. 2014. PDF

246. Climate Tipping and Economic Growth: Precautionary Saving and the Social Cost of Carbon
Frederick van der Ploeg and Aart de Zeeuw. 2014. PDF

245. Developing a diagnostic approach for adaptive co-management and considering its implementation in biosphere reserves
Ryan Plummer, Lisen Shultz, Derek Armitage, Örjan Bodin, Beatrice Crona, Julia Baird. 2014. PDF

244. Potential disasters can turn the tragedy into success
Therese Lindahl, Anne-Sophie Crépin and Caroline Schill. 2014. PDF

243. Mitigation and Solar Radiation Management in Climate Change Policies
Vasiliki Manousi and Anastasios Xepapadeas. 2013. PDF

242. Spatial Policies and Land Use Patterns: Optimal and Market Allocations
Efthymia Kyriakopoulou and Anastasios Xepapadeas. 2013. PDF

241. Governing complex commons – the role of communication for experimental learning and coordinated management
Therese Lindahl, Örjan Bodin and MariaTengö. 2013. PDF

240. Reducing non-point source pollution through auctions: Some lessons learned from a laboratory experiment
Therese Lindahl. 2013. PDF

239. A Spatial Approach to Energy Economics
Juan Moreno-Cruz and M. Scott Taylor. 2013. PDF

238. Coping with global warming under stock growth uncertainty in marine social-ecological systems: The European sardine fishery
José-María Da-Rocha, María-José Gutiérrez, Sebastian Villasante. 2012. PDF

237. Credible enforcement policies: The role of ITQs in marine social-ecological systems
José María Da Rocha, Sebastian Villasante, Rafael Trelles González. 2012. PDF

236. Back to the Future of Green Powered Economies
Juan Moreno Cruz and M. Scott Taylor. 2012. PDF

235. Structural change in a two-sector model of the climate and the economy
Gustav Engström. 2012. PDF

234. Towards ‘green growth’: Measuring the trade-off between conservation of protected areas and hydel power generation in an ecologically fragile hill state of Northern India.
Saudamini Das and Kanchan Chopra. 2012. PDF

233. Do mangroves provide storm protection from wind damages of a storm?
Saudamini Das and Anne-Sophie Crépin. 2012. PDF

232. Managing resources with potential regime shifts: Using experiments to explore social-ecological linkages in common resource systems
Therese Lindahl, Anne-Sophie Crépin and Caroline Schill. 2012. PDF

231. Energy Balance Climate Models and the Spatial Structure of Optimal Mitigation Policies
William Brock, Gustav Engström and Anastasios Xepapadeas. 2012. PDF

230. Planetary Boundaries-Exploring the Challenges for Global Environmental Governance
Victor Galaz, Frank Biermann, Beatrice Crona, Derk Loorbach, Carl Folke, Per Olsson, Måns Nilsson, Jeremy Allouche, Åsa Persson and Gunilla Reischl. 2011. PDF

229. Regime Shifts and Uncertainty in Pollution Control
Aart de Zeeuw and Amos Zemel. 2011. PDF

228. GLOBAL DYNAMICS, MULTIPLE SHOCKS, AND RESILIENCE Planetary stewardship and catastrophic shifts in the Earth system
Anne-Sophie Crépin, Brian Walker, Stephen Polasky, Will Steffen, Victor Galaz, Carl Folke and Johan Rockström. 2011. PDF

227. Poverty traps and economic growth in a two-sector model of subsistence agriculture
Gustav Engström and Dieter Grass. 2011. PDF

226. Energy balance climate models and the economics of climate change
William A. Brock, Gustav Engström and Anastasios Xepapadeas. 2011. PDF

225. Buffalo Hunt: International Trade and the Virtual Extinction of the North American Bison
M. Scott Taylor. 2011. PDF

224. Numerical computation of the optimal vector field in a fishery model.
Dieter Grass. 2010. PDF

223. Reconstruction of catches, fisheries, and carrying capacity of Galician (NW Spain) small-scale fisheries
Sebastián Villasante, Rashid Sumaila, Maria do Carme Garcia-Negro and Gonzalo Rodríguez Rodriguez. 2010. PDF

222. Linking environmental economics, game theory and fisheries: an estimation of the economic benefits to sharing the Illex argentinus fishery in the Patagonian large marine ecosystem
Sebastián Villasante and Rashid Sumaila. 2010. PDF

221. Robust Control and Hot Spots in Dynamic Spatially Interconnected Systems
William Brock and Anastasios Xepapadeas. 2010. PDF

220. Optimal Management with Potential Regime Shifts
Stephen Polasky, Aart de Zeeuw and Florian Wagener. 2010. PDF

219. Assessing Sustainable Development in a DICE World
Gustav Engström. 2009. PDF

218. Knowledge Asymmetries and Learning in Common Pools
Therese Lindahl. 2009. PDF

217. Interacting Regime Shifts in Ecosystems: Implication for Early Warnings
William Brock and Stephen Carpenter. 2009. PDF

216. The Place of Nature in Economic Development
Partha Dasgupta. 2008. PDF

215. Leadership, Coordination and Cooperation in Common-Pool Resource Management
Ingela Ternström. 2008. PDF

214. Pattern Formation, Spatial Externalities and Regulation in Coupled Economic-Ecological Systems
William Brock and Anastasios Xepapadeas. 2008. PDF

213. Creating Incentives for Increased Public Engagement in Ecosystem Management through Urban Commons
Johan Colding. 2008. PDF

212. Who Wants to Save the Baltic Sea when the Success is Uncertain?
Therese Lindahl and Tore Söderqvist. 2008 PDF

211. Grazing Games
Anne-Sophie Crépin and Therese Lindahl. 2008. PDF

210. The Ecosystem Approach to Aquaculture: An analysis of adaptive governance and management of small-scale coastal shrimp aquaculture in Thailand
Robert Johnson and Max Troell. 2008 PDF

209. Incorporating Resilience in the assessment of Inclusive Wealth: An example from South East Australia
Brian Walker, Leonie Pearson, Michael Harris, Karl-Göran Maler, Chuan-Zhong Li and Reinette Biggs. 2007. PDF

208. Pricing Resilience in a Dynamic Economy-Environment System: A Capital-Theorethical Approach
Karl-Göran Mäler, Chuan-Zhong Li and Gia Destouni. 2007 PDF

207. Spatial Relations of Aquatic Bird Species and Water Management in the Lower Rio Grande Valley
Enrique Weir, Neil Wilkins and William E. Grant. 2006. PDF

206. Total Factor Productivity Growth and the Environment: A Case for Green Growth Accounting
E. Tzouvelekas, D. Vouvaki and A. Xepapadeas. 2006. PDF

205. Diffusion-Induced Instability and Pattern Formation in Infinite Horizon Recursive Optimal Control
William Brock and Anastasios Xepapadeas. 2006 PDF

204. Feedback Nash Equilibria for Non-Linear Differential Games in Pollution Control
G. Kossioris, M. Plexoysakis, A. Xepapadeas, A. de Zeeuw and K-G Mäler. 2006 PDF

203. Ecological Functions and Economic Value of the Neotropic Cormorant (Phalacrocorax brasilianus) in Los Olivitos Estuary, Venezuela
Karine Gil de Weir, Enrique Weir, Clark Casler and Sara Aniyar. 2005 PDF

202. The Economic Value of Water in the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna (GBM) River Basin
Nasima Tanveer Chowdhury. 2005 PDF

201. The Economics of Social Capital
Partha Dasgupta. 2005 PDF

200. HIV/AIDS – The True Tradedy of the Commons? Exploring the effects of HIV/AIDS on Management and Use of Local Natural Resources
Ingela Ternström. 2005. PDF

199. Income Inequality and Cooperation in Common Pools
Ingela Ternström. 2005 PDF

198. Cooperation or Conflict in Common Pools
Ingela Ternström. 2005 PDF

197. Adaption to Disturbances in Common-Pool Resource Management Systems
Ingela Ternström. 2005 PDF

196. Set-aside Requirements Versus Production Quotas in Agro-Environmental Regulatory Contracts
Anne-Sophie Crépin and Pierre-Alain Jayet. 2005 PDF

195. Economic Valuation of a Seed Dispersal Service in the Stockholm National Urban Park, Sweden
Cajsa Hougner, Johan Colding and Tore Söderqvist. 2005 PDF

194. Optimal Control and Spatial Heterogeneity: Pattern Formation in Economic-Ecological Models
William Brock and Anastasios Xepapadeas. 2005 PDF

193. Transboundary Pollution Flows, Capital Mobility and the Emergence of Regional Inequalities
Simon Levin and Anastasios Xepapadeas. 2005 PDF

192. Criteria for Assessing Sustainable Development: Theoretical Issues and Empirical Evidence for the Case of Greece
Dimitra Vouvaki and Anastasios Xepapadeas. 2005 PDF

191. Building Resilience and Adaptation to Manage Arctic Change
Chapin, F. S., III, M. Hoel, S. R. Carpenter, J. Lubchenco, B. Walker, T. V. Callaghan, C. Folke, S. Levin, K.-G. Mäler, C. Nilsson, S. Barrett, A.-S. Crépin, K. Danell, T. Rosswall, D. Starrett, and T. Xepapadeas. 2005. PDF

190. Environment, Uncertainty, and Option Values
Karl-Göran Mäler and Anthony Fisher. 2005 PDF

189. Spatial Analysis: Development of Descriptive and Normative Methods with Applications to Economic-Ecological Modelling
William Brock and Anastasios Xepapadeas. 2004 PDF

188. Sustainability’s Compass: Indicators of Genuine Wealth
Anastasios Xepapadeas, Steve Carpenter, Sara Aniyar, Kenneth Arrow, Gretchen Daily, Partha Dasgupta, Paul Ehrlich, Carl Folke, Geoff Heal, Michael Hoel, Nils Kautsky, Simon Levin, Jane Lubchenco, Karl-Göran Mäler, Elinor Ostrom, Thomas Rosswall, David Starrett and Brian Walker. 2004. PDF

187. When Resilience is Undesirable: Regime Shifts and Ecosystem Service Generation in Swedish Coastal Soft Bottom Habitats
Max Troell, Leif Pihl, Patrik Rönnbäck, Håkan Wennhage, Tore Söderqvist and Nils Kautsky. 2004 PDF

186. Environmental and Resource Economics: Some Recent Developments
Partha Dasgupta and Karl-Göran Mäler. 2004. PDF

185. Using Fast and Slow Processes to Manage Coral Reef Fisheries with Threshold Effects
Anne-Sophie Crepin. 2004 PDF

184. Replacement Costs as Economic Values of Environmental Change: A Review and an Application to Swedish Sea Trout Habitats
Sara Sundberg. 2004 PDF

183. Economic Valuation for Sustainable Development in the Swedish Coastal Zone
Tore Söderqvist, Håkan Eggert, Björn Olsson, Åsa Soutukorva. 2004 PDF

182. The Stockholm Urban Assessment (SUA-Sweden)
Johan Colding, Thomas Elmqvist, Jakob Lundberg, Karin Ahrné, Erik Andersson, Stephan Barthel, Sara Borgström, Andreas Duit, Henrik Ernstsson, and Maria Tengö. 2004 PDF

181. The Recreational Cost of Coral Bleaching- a Stated and Revealed Preference Study of International Tourists
Jessica Andersson. 2003 PDF

180. To Estimate Recreational Welfare Measures for International and Specialised Tourism
Jessica Andersson. 2003 PDF

179. Alternative Decision Schemes for Coastal Water Management
Ing-Marie Gren, Tore Söderqvist and Henrik Scharin. 2003 PDF

178. Can Stable Social Groups Be Maintained By Homophilous Imitation Alone?
Richard Durrett and Simon A. Levin. 2003 PDF

177. Comparative Politics and Environmental Taxation: Theory and Quasi-Experimental Evidence
Per G. Fredriksson and Daniel L. Millimet. 2003. PDF

176. Corruption and Energy Efficiency in OECD Countries: Theory and Evidence
Per G. Fredriksson, Herman R.J. Vollebergh, and Elbert Dijkgraaf. 2003 PDF

175. Adaptive Co-management for Building Resilience in Social-Ecological Esystems
Per Olsson, Carl Folke, and Fikret Berkes. 2003 PDF

174. Social-Ecological Transformations for Ecosystem Management: The Development of Adaptive Co-management of a Wetland Landscape in Southern Sweden
Per Olsson, Thomas Hahn, and Carl Folke. 2003 PDF

173. Coping With Uncertainty: A Call for a New Science-Policy Forum
Ann Kinzig, David Starrett, Kenneth Arrow, Sara Aniyar, Bert Bolin, Partha Dasgupta, Paul Ehrlich, Carl Folke, Michael Hanemann, Geoff Heal, Michael Hoel, Bengt-Owe Jansson, AnnMari Jansson, Nils Kautsky, Simon Levin, Jane Lubchenco, Karl-Göran Mäler, Stephen W. Pacala, Stephen H. Schneider, Domenico Siniscalco, and Brian Walker. 2003. PDF

172. Investment in Land Use for Pollution Abatement Under Uncertainty
Sandra Lerda. 2003 PDF

171. The Economics of the World’s Poorest Regions
Partha Dasgupta. 2003 PDF

170. Genetic Diversity and Interdependent Crop Choices in Agriculture
Geoffrey Heal, Brian Walker, Simon Levin, Kenneth Arrow, Partha Dasgupta, Gretchen Daily, Paul Ehrlich, Karl-Göran Mäler, Nils Kautsky, Jane Lubchenco, Steve Schneider and David Starrett. 2002. PDF

169. Set-aside Requirements Versus Production Quotas in Agro-environmental Regulatory Contracts
Anne-Sophie Crépin and Pierre-Alain Jayet. 2002

168. Economic Development, Environmental Degradation, and the Persistence of Deprivation in Poor Countries
Partha Dasgupta. 2002 PDF

167. Threshold Effects in Coral Reef Fisheries
Anne-Sophie Crépin. 2002.

166. Management Challenges for Multiple-species Boreal Forests
Anne-Sophie Crépin. 2002

165. Evaluating Projects and Assessing Sustainable Development in Imperfect Economies
Kenneth Arrow, Partha Dasgupta, and Karl-Göran Mäler. 2002 PDF

164. Incentives for Wetlands Creation
Anne-Sophie Crépin. 2002.

163. Social institutions in Ecosystem Management and Biodiversity Conservation
Johan Colding, Carl Folke and Thomas Elmqvist. 2002.

162. Synthesis: Building Resilience and Adaptive Capacity in Social-Ecological Systems
Carl Folke, Johan Colding and Fikret Berkes. 2002.

161. Exploring the Role of Local Ecological Knowledge in Ecosystem Management: Three Case Studies
Medhav Gadgil, Per Olsson, Fikret Berkes and Carl Folke. 2002.

160. Living With Disturbances: Building Resilience in Social-Ecological Systems
Johan Colding, Thomas Elmqvist and Per Olsson. 2002.

159. Estimating the Value of Oil Capital in a Small Open Economy: The Venezuela Example
Sara Aniyar. 2002. PDF

158. Uncertainty, Waiting Costs, and Hyperbolic Discounting
Partha Dasgupta and Eric Maskin. 2002.

157. Reserves, Resilience and Dynamic Landscapes
Janne Bengtsson, Per Angelstam, Thomas Elmqvist, Urban Emanuelsson, Carl Folke, Margareta Ihse, Fredrik Moberg, and Magnus Nyström. 2002. PDF

156. The Critical Natural Capital of Ecosystem Performance as Insurance for Human Well-being
Lisa Deutsch, Carl Folke, and Kristian Skånberg. 2002 PDF

155. Social-Ecological Resilience and Behavioural Responses
Carl Folke. 2002 PDF

154. Scale and Scaling in Ecological and Economic Systems
Jérôme Chave and Simon Levin. 2002. PDF

153. Environment, Uncertainty, and Option Values
Karl-Göran Mäler. 2002. PDF

152. Feedback Equilibria for a Class of Non-linear Differential Games in Resource Economics.
Anastasios Xepapadeas, Aart de Zeeuw, and Karl-Göran Mäler. 2002 PDF

151. Are We Consuming Too Much?
Kenneth Arrow, Gretchen Daily, Partha Dasgupta, Paul Ehrlich, Lawrence Goulder, Geoffrey Heal, Simon Levin, Karl-Göran Mäler, Stephen Schneider, David Starrett, and Brian Walker. 2002 PDF

150. Misplaced Critique: Assumptions and Applications of the EF
Max Troell, Lisa Deutsch, Patrick Rönnbäck, Carl Folke and Nils Kautsky. 2002 PDF

149. Social Capital and Economic Performance: Analytics
Partha Dasgupta. 2002 PDF

148. Are Social Welfare Functions Ordinal or Cardinal?
Karl-Göran Mäler. 2002 PDF

147. Cooperation Versus Non-Cooperation in Cleaning of An International Water Body With Stochastic Environmental Damage: The Case of the Baltic Sea
Ing-Marie Gren and Henk Folmer. 2001

146. Wealth and Well-being in a Model With Discrete Time
Karl-Göran Mäler. 2001 PDF

145. Infrastructure and Economic Development
Hirofumi Uzawa. 2001

144. Vehicular Pollution control in Delhi, India - Are the efforts enough?
Vinish Kathuria. 2001. PDF

143. Carbon Budget of Indian Forest Ecosystem
Haripriya Gundimeda. 2001 PDF

142. Infrastructure in Japan: Issues and Lessons
Hirofumi Uzawa. 2001

141. Infrastructure and Economic Development
Hirofumi Uzawa. 2001.

140. Intertemporal Welfare Economics in Imperfect Economies
Partha Dasgupta and Karl-Göran Mäler. 2001 PDF

139. Wealth as a Criterion for Sustainable Development
Partha Dasgupta and Karl-Göran Mäler. 2001 PDF

138. Effects on Multiple Disturbances on Hard Coral Recruits in Glovers Reef Atoll’s Lagoon, Belize
Miriam Huitric and Melanie McField. 2001 PDF

137. Elasticities of Demand and Willingness to Pay for Environmental Services in Sweden
Stina Hökby and Tore Söderqvist. 2001 PDF

136. Valuing Objects and Evaluating Policies in Imperfect Economies
Partha Dasgupta. 2001

135. The Value of Improved Water Quality – A Random Utility Model of Recreation in the Stockholm Archipelago
Åsa Soutukorva. 2000 PDF

134. Cost Effective Policies for Alternative Distributions of Stochastic Water Pollution
Ing-Marie Gren, Georgia Destouni, Raul Tempone. 2000

133. Resilience and Sustainability: The Economic Analysis of Non-Linear Dynamic Systems
W.A. Brock, K.-G. Mäler,C.A. Perrings.2000 PDF

132. Sustainable Consumption
Karl-Göran Mäler. 2000

131. The Economics of Shallow Lakes
Karl-Göran Mäler, Anastasios Xepapadeas, Aart de Zeeuw. 2000 PDF

130. Nonconvexities in Ecological Management Problems
W.A. Brock, D.Starrett.2000

129. Seaside Recreation in the Stockholm Archipelago: Travel Patterns and Costs
Mikael Sandström, Henrik Scharin and Tore Söderqvist. 2000 PDF

128. The Regional Willingness to Pay for a Reduced Eutrophication in the Stockholm Archipelago
Tore Söderqvist, Henrik Scharin. 2000 PDF

127. Valuation and Evaluation: Measuring the Quality of Life and Evaluating Policy
Partha Dasgupta. 1999 PDF

126. The Value of Nature and the Nature of Value
Gretchen Daily, Tore Söderqvist et al. 1999

125. Net National Product and Social Well-Being
Partha Dasgupta and Karl-Göran Mäler. 1999 PDF

124. Property Rights and Sustainable Nature Tourism: Institutional Adaptation and Mal-Adaptation in Dalarna (Sweden) and Maine (USA)
David Vail, Lars Hultkrantz. 1999

123. Wetland Creation in Southern Sweden: Determinants of Farmers’ Willingness to Participate in an Environmental Programme
Tore Söderqvist. 1999 PDF

122. Managing Ecosystem Resources
Kenneth Arrow, Gretchen Daily, Partha Dasgupta, Simon Levin, Karl-Göran Mäler, Eric Maskin, David Starrett, Thomas Sterner, and Thomas Tietenberg. 1999 PDF

121. Social Taboos: “Invisible” Systems of Local Resource Management and Biological Conservation
Johan Colding and Carl Folke. 1999

120. Monitoring Subsidies Wetland Creation in Sweden: A Game Theoretic Approach
Therese Lindahl. 1999

119. Green Tax Reform in Sweden: The Second Dividend and the Cost of Tax Exemptions
Martin Hill. 1999

118. Empirical cost equations for wetland creation: The case of wetlands as nitrogen sinks in Scania, South Sweden
Tore Söderqvist. 1998

117. Democracy and Other Goods
Partha Dasgupta, Eric Maskin. 1998 PDF

116. Decentralization Schemes, Cost-Benefit Analysis, and Net National Product as a Measure of Social Well-Being
Partha Dasgupta, Karl-Göran Mäler. 1998

115. Wetland Creation in the Kävlinge River Catchment, Scania, South Sweden: A Pilot Study on Implementation, Perceived Benefits, and Knowledge of Ecosystem Services
Tore Söderqvist, Lillemor Lewan. 1998

114. Economic Criteria for Restoration of Wetlands under Uncertainty
Olof Byström, Hans Andersson, and Ing-Marie Gren. 1998

113. Wetland Creation in Sweden in an Agricultural Policy Context
Therese Lindahl. 1998

112. Understanding Dynamics of Ecosystem-Institution Linkages for Building Resilience
Carl Folke and Fikret Berkes. 1998 PDF

111. Food Production, Population Growth, and Environmental Security
Gretchen Daily, Partha Dasgupta, Bert Bolin, Pierre Crosson, Jacques du Guerny, Paul Ehrlich, Carl Folke, AnnMarie Jansson, Bengt-Owe Jansson, Nils Kautsky, Ann Kinzig, Simon Levin, Karl-Göran Mäler, Per Pinstrup-Andersen, Domenico Siniscalco, and Brian Walker, 1998

110. Value of Land as Pollution Abatement for International Waters
Ing-Marie Gren. 1998

109. Rediscovery of Traditional Ecological Knowledge as Adaptive Management
Fikret Berkes, Johan Colding, and Carl Folke. 1997

108. The Problem of Fit between Ecosystems and Institutions
Carl Folke, Lowell Pritchad Jr., Fikret Berkes, Johan Colding, Uno Svedin. 1997

107. Lindahl Equilibrium and the Core of an Economy Involving Public Goods
Hirofumi Uzawa. 1997

106. Economics of Supervising Swedish Environmental Regulations
Ing-Marie Gren, Anders Auer, Ann-Sophie Crépin. 1997

105. International Coordination of Nitrogen Reductions to the Baltic Sea
Ing-Marie Gren. 1997

104. Should Search Costs and New Discoveries be Included in Net National Product?
Partha Dasgupta, Bengt Kriström, Karl-Göran Mäler. 1997

103. Applying Multi-Attribute Utility Techniques to Environmental Valuation : A Forest Ecosystem Study
Virginia Dale, Clifford S. Russell, Molly Hadley, Michael Kane, Robin Gregory. 1997

102. Practical Considerations and Comparison of Instruments of Environmental Policy
Clifford S. Russell and Philip T. Powell. 1997

101. A Game Theoretic Approach to the Problems on Economic Integration and Policy Cooperation
Hirofumi Uzawa. 1997

100. Resilience in Natural and Socioeconomic Systems
Simon Levin, Scott Barrett, Sara Aniyar, William Baumol, Christoffer Bliss, Bert Bolin, Partha Dasgupta, Paul Ehrlich, Carl Folke, Ing-Marie Gren, C.S. Holling, AnnMari Jansson, Bengt-Owe Jansson, Dan Martin, Karl-Göran Mäler, Charles Perrings, and Eytan Sheshinsky. 1997

99. Global Warming as a Cooperative Game
Hirofumi Uzawa. 1997

98. The Economic and Fertility Interactions in Agricultural Production in Lesotho
M.M. Bakane-Tuoane. 1997

97. On Institutions that Produce and Disseminate Knowledge
Giorgio Barba Navaretti, Partha Dasgupta, Karl-Göran Mäler, and Domenico Siniscalco. 1997

96. Ecosystem Approaches to the Management and Allocation of Critical Resources
Carl Folke. 1997

95. Resilience in Ecosystems, Institutions, and Societies
L.H. Gunderson, C.S. Holling, L. Pritchard and G.D. Peterson, 1997

94. The Economics of Coastal Wetlands
Karl-Göran Mäler, Sara Aniyar, Clark Casler, and Enrique Weir. 1997

93. The Economics of Food
Partha Dasgupta. 1997

92. Cost Effective Reductions in the Agricultural Load of Nitrogen to the Baltic Sea
Katarina Elofsson. 1997

91. Intergenerational Equity, Social Discount Rates and Global Warming
Scott Barrett, Partha Dasgupta, and Karl-Göran Mäler. 1996

90. Nature’s Housekeeping and Human Housekeeping
Partha Dasgupta and Paul Ehrlich. 1996

89. Beskattningar av naturresurser
Karl-Göran Mäler. 1996

88. Contingent Valuation of a Less Eutrophicated Baltic Sea
Tore Söderqvist. 1996

87. Sustainable Health in a Globalised World
A.J. McMichael, B. Bolin, R. Costanza, G. C. Daily, C. Folke, K. Lindahl-Kiessling, E. Lindgren, and E. Niklasson. 1996

86. Ecosystem Appropriate by Cities
Carl Folke, Åsa Jansson, Jonas Larsson, and Robert Costanza. 1996

85. Sustainability, Stability and Resilience
D. Ludwig, B. Walker, and C.S Holling. 1996

84. Global Environmental Change and Human Health: Scales of Impact; Population
Vulnerability; and Research Priorities A.J. McMichael. 1996

83. Reduced Nutrient Loads to the Baltic Sea: Ecological Consequences, Costs and Benefits
Ing-Marie Gren, Tore Söderqvist, Fredrik Wulff, Sindre Langaas, Mikael Sandström, and Carl Folke. 1996

82. Uniform Versus Differentiated Charges: An Application to the Use of Nitrogen Fertilizers in Sweden
Runar Brännlund, Ing-Marie Gren, and Katarina Elofsson. 1996

81. Dynamics of (Dis)harmony in Ecological and Social Systems
C.S. Holling and Steven Sanderson. 1996

80. The Economics of the Environment
Partha Dasgupta. 1996

79. Culture and Property Rights
Jean Ensminger. 1996

78. The Human Use of the Natural Environment: An Overview of Social and Economic Dimensions
Susan Hanna and Svein Jentoft. 1996

77. The Structure and Function of Ecological Systems in Relationship to Property Rights Regimes
Robert Costanza and Carl Folke. 1996

76. A Framework for Modeling the Linkages between Ecosystems and Human Systems
Cutler Cleveland, Robert Costanza, Thráinn Eggertsson, Louise Fortmann, Bobbi Low, Margaret McKean, Elinor Ostrom, James Wilson, Oran Young. 1996

75. Resource Accounting, Sustainable Development, and Well-Being
Karl-Göran Mäler. 1996

74. Species Conservation through Social Taboos
Johan Colding and Carl Folke. 1996

73. Managing for Human and Ecological Context in the Maine Soft Shell Clam Fishery
Susan S. Hanna. 1996

72. The Ecological Footprint Concept for Sustainable Seafood Production
Carl Folke and Nils Kautsky. 1996

71. The Core of an Economy with Multilateral Environmental Externalities
Parkash Chander and Henry Tulkens. 1995

70. Costs of Nutrient Reductions to the Baltic Sea
Ing-Marie Gren, Katarina Elofsson, and Paul Jannke. 1995

69. Quantifying the Nutrient Retention Capacity by Wetlands in the Large-Scale Drainage Basin of the Baltic Sea
Åsa Jansson, Carl Folke, and Sindre Langaas. 1995

68. Science, Sustainability, and Resource Management
C.S. Holling, Fikret Berkes, and Carl Folke. 1995

67. Nutritional Status, the Capacity for Work and Poverty Traps
Partha Dasgupta. 1995

66. The Population Problem: Theory and Evidence
Partha Dasgupta. 1995

65. Static and Dynamic Externalities in the Theory of the Commons
Hirofumi Uzawa. 1995

64. Pareto-Optimality, Competive Equilibrium, and Lindahl Equilibrium
Hirofumi Uzawa. 1995

63. Land Use and Population Density in the Baltic Sea Drainage Basin: A GIS Database
Julie Sweitzer, Sindre Langaas, and Carl Folke. 1995

62. Local Enforcement of Regulations on Non-Point Source Pollution
Ing-Marie Gren, Astri Murén. 1995

61. Renewable Resource Appropriation by Cities
Carl Folke, Jonas Larsson and Julie Sweitzer. 1995

60. Incomplete Information and Incentives to Free Ride on International Environmental Resources
Mehmet Ba., 1995

59. The Value of Saving a Statistical Life in the Case of Residential Radon Risks: Estimates and Determinants
Tore Söderqvist, 1995

58. Benefit Estimates from Market Studies and Contingent Valuation Studies: An Empirical Comparison for the Case of Residential Radon Radiation
Tore Söderqvist. 1995

57. Estimating the Benefits of Health Risk Reduction: The Contingent Valuation Method Applied to the Case of Residential Radon Radiation
Tore Söderqvist. 1995

56. Property Values and Health Risks: The Willingness to Pay for Reducing Residential Radon Radiation
Tore Söderqvist. 1995

55. Ecological Economics: The Study of Interdependent Economic and Ecological Systems
Charles Perrings, Kerry Turner, and Carl Folke, 1995

54. Economic Valuation of Wetlands: A Survey
Ing-Marie Gren and Tore Söderqvist, 1994

53. Tradable Emission Permits, Pareto Optimality, and Lindahl Equilibrium
Karl-Göran Mäler and Hirofumi Uzawa, 1994

52. Linking Social and Ecological Systems for Resilience and Sustainability
Fikret Berkes and Carl Folke, 1994

51. A core-theoretic solution for the design of cooperative agreements on transfrontier pollution
Parkash Chander and Henry Tulkens, 1994

50. Critical Loads in Games of Transboundary Pollution Control
Karl-Göran Mäler and Aart de Zeeuw, 1994

49. Biodiversity, Ecosystems and Human Welfare
Carl Folke, C.S. Holling, and Charles Perrings, 1994

48. Deforestation in Costa Rica: Investigating the Impacts of Market Failures and Unwanted
Annika B. Persson, 1994

47. Current Issues in Resource Accounting
Partha Dasgupta, Bengt Kriström, and Karl-Göran Mäler. 1994

46. The Environmental Resource Base and Human Welfare
Partha Dasgupta, Carl Folke, and Karl-Göran Mäler. 1994

45. Economics of Environmental Crime: Control of a Polluting Input as a Signalling Game
Ing-Marie Gren, Veijo Kaitala. 1994

44. The Theory of Property Rights: Transboundary Resources
Scott Barrett, 1993

43. The "New Institutionalism" in International Relations
Oran R. Young, 1993

42. Empirical Analysis of Local and National Property Rights Institutions
Margaret A. McKean, 1993

41. Property Rights and Development
N.S. Jodha, 1993

40. Economic Perspectives on Property Rights and the Economics of Institutions
Thràinn Eggertsson, 1993

39. The Evolution of Norms, Rules, and Rights
Elinor Ostrom, 1993

38. Management Regimes
Bonnie J. McCay, 1993

37. The Interface Between Natural and Social Systems
Fikret Berkes, 1993

36. Comparing Ecological and Social Systems
C.S. Holling, Lance Gunderson and Garry Peterson, 1993

35. Discontinuous Change in Multilevel Hierarchical Systems
J. Barkley Rosser, Jr., Carl Folke, Folke Günther, Heikki Isomäki, Charles Perrings, Garry Peterson and Tönu Puu. 1993

34. The Economic Management of High Seas Fishery Resources: Some Game Theoretic Aspects
Veijo Kaitala and Gordon Munro, 1993

33. Investing in Natural Capital: Why, What, and How?
Carl Folke, Monica Hammer, Robert Costanza and AnnMari Jansson, 1993

32. The Acid game II
Karl-Göran Mäler, 1993

31. Traditional Ecological Knowledge, Biodiversity, Resilience and Sustainability
Fikret Berkes, Carl Folke and Madhav Gadgil. 1993

30. Wetland Valuation: Three Case Studies
R.K. Turner, C.Folke, I-M. Gren and I.J. Bateman. 1993

29. Ecological limitations and appropriation of ecosystem support by shrimp
Jonas Larsson, Carl Folke and Nils Kautsky. 1993

28. The acid rain game as a resource allocation process with an application
Veijo Kaitala, Karl-Göran Mäler, and Henry Tulkens. 1993

27. Poverty, Institutions, and the Environmental-Resource Base
Partha Dasgupta and Karl-Göran Mäler. 1993

26. Environmental Impact of Government Policies and External Shocks in Botswana
Lena Unemo. 1993

25. Economic Growth and the Environment
Karl-Göran Mäler. 1993

24. Cost-Effectiveness of the Baltic Sea Clean-Up: Will Wetlands Reconcile Efficiency with Biodiversity?
Tomasz Zylicz, Ing-Marie Gren. 1993

23. Improving Environment through Permit Trading: The Limits to Market Approach
Tomasz Zylicz. 1993

22. Resource leasing and optimal periodic capital investments
Andy Nowak, Veijo Kaitala and Gustav Feichtinger. 1993

21. Internalizing Environmental Costs of Salmon Farming
Carl Folke, Nils Kautsky and Max Troell. 1992

20. Welfare Benefit Estimation and the Income Distribution
Barbara J. Kanninen and Bengt Kriström. 1992

19. Modeling Complex Ecological Economic Systems: Toward an Evolutionary, Dynamic Understanding of Humans and Nature
Robert Costanza, Lisa Wainger, Carl Folke and Karl-Göran Mäler. 1992

18. Debt-for-Environment Swaps: The Institutional Dimension
Tomasz Zylicz. 1992

17. Sensitivity of Willingness-to-Pay Estimates to Bid Design in Dichotomous Choice Contingent Valuation Models: A Comment
Barbara J. Kanninen and Bengt Kriström. 1992

16. Foreign Trade and Renewable Resources
Michael Rauscher. 1992

15. Trade, Tropical Deforestation and Policy Interventions
Edward B. Barbier and Michael Rauscher. 1992

14. Benefits from Restoring Wetlands for Nitrogen Abatement: A Case Study of Gotland
Ing-Marie Gren. 1992

13. Towards a General Theory of Social Overhead Capital
Hirofumi Uzawa. 1992

12. An Ecological Economy: Notes on Harvest and Growth
Gardner Brown and Jonathan Roughgarden. 1992

11. The Population Problem
Partha Dasgupta. 1992

10. Regulating the Farmers' Use of Pesticides in Sweden
Ing-Marie Andréasson-Gren. 1992

9. Imputed Prices of Greenhouse Gases and Land Forests
Hirofumi Uzawa. 1992

8. Cultural Capital and Natural Capital Interrelations
Carl Folke and Fikret Berkes. 1992

7. Harvesting Semelparous Populations and Variability in the Life
Veijo Kaitala and Wayne M. Getz. 1992

6. The Tragedy of the Commons and the Theory of Social Overhead Capital
Hirofumi Uzawa. 1992

5. Nested Living Systems
Folke Günther and Carl Folke. 1992

4. Multiple Use of Environmental Resources: The Household- Production-Function Approach
Karl-Göran Mäler. 1992.

3. Aspects Stratégiques des Négociations Internationales sur les Pollutions Transfrontières et du Partage des Côuts de l'Épuration
Parkash Chander and Henry Tulkens. 1992

2. Towards an Ecological Economics of Sustainability
Mich Common and Charles Perrings. 1992

1. The Ecology and Economics of Biodiversity Conservation: Elements of a Research Agenda
Charles Perrings, Carl Folke and Karl-Göran Mäler. 1991.