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Resilience: Accounting for the Noncomputable

Stephen R. Carpenter, Carl Folke, Marten Scheffer and Frances Westley. Ecology and Society 14 (1): 13 (2009)


Plans to solve complex environmental problems should always consider the role of surprise. Nevertheless, there is a tendency to emphasize known computable aspects of a problem while neglecting aspects that are unknown and failing to ask questions about them. The tendency to ignore the noncomputable can be countered by considering a wide range of perspectives, encouraging transparency with regard to conflicting viewpoints, stimulating a diversity of models, and managing for the emergence of new syntheses that reorganize fragmentary knowledge.

Keywords: resilience, adaptation, transformation, surprise

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