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Residential End-use Electricity Demand: Implications for Real Time Pricing in Sweden

Vesterberg, M., and C.K.B Krishnamurthy (2016). Energy Journal 37(4):141-164.


Using a unique and highly detailed data set on energy consumption at the appliance-level for 200 Swedish households, seemingly unrelated regression (SUR)- based end-use specific load curves are estimated. The estimated load curves are then used to explore possible restrictions on load shifting (e.g. the office hours schedule) as well as the cost implications of different load shift patterns. The cost implications of shifting load from “expensive” to “cheap” hours, using the Nord pool spot prices as a proxy for a dynamic price, are computed to be very small; roughly 2–4% reduction in total daily cost from shifting load up to five hours ahead, indicating small incentives for households (and retailers) to adopt dynamic pricing of electricity.

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Keywords: Direct Metering, Residential Electricity Demand, Real time electricity pricing

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