Beijer Discussion Paper
Algorithms and the Shift in Modern Science

W. Brian Arthur. 2020. Beijer Discussion Paper 269: Algorithms and the Shift in Modern Science. Beijer Discussion Paper Series.

In the 1600s science shifted from being expressed in geometric form to being expressed in terms of algebraic equations. This paper argues that a new shift is underway: scientific thought is moving from being expressed in equation form to being expressed in algorithmic form. The shift is deep and it is gradual. It allows “context” to be considered—the situation surrounding the problem at hand. It...

Beijer Discussion Paper
Cooperation in the face of thresholds, risk and uncertainty

Rocha, J., C. Schill, L. M. Saavedra-Díaz, R. del Pilar Moreno and J. Higinio Maldonado. 2019. Beijer Discussion Paper 268: Cooperation in the face of thresholds, risk and uncertainty. Beijer Discussion Paper Series.

Cooperation is thought to be a necessary condition to solve collective dilemmas such as climate change or the sustainable use of common-pool resources. Yet, it is poorly understood how situations pervaded by thresholds shape the behaviour of people facing collective dilemmas. Here we provide empirical evidence that resource users facing thresholds maintain on average cooperative behaviours by maximising their individual earnings while ensuring future group...

Journal article
Principles for knowledge co-production in sustainability research

Norström, A. V., C. Cvitanovic, M.F. Löf, S. West, C. Wyborn, P. Balvanera et al. 2020. Principles for knowledge co-production in sustainability research. Nature Sustainability 3(1).

Research practice, funding agencies and global science organizations suggest that research aimed at addressing sustainability challenges is most effective when ‘co-produced’ by academics and non-academics. Co-production promises to address the complex nature of contemporary sustainability challenges better than more traditional scientific approaches. But definitions of knowledge co-production are diverse and often contradictory. We propose a set of four general principles that underlie high-quality knowledge co-production...

Other
Konjunkturrådets rapport 2020: Svensk politik för globalt klimat

Hassler J., B. Carlén B, J. Eliasson, F. Johnsson, P. Krusell, T. Lindahl, J. Nycander, Å. Romson and T. Sterner. 2020. Konjunkturrådets rapport 2020: Svensk politik för globalt klimat. SNS förlag, Stockholm, Sweden (ISBN:isbn 978-91-88637-27-7).

Nio forskare från olika discipliner ingår i SNS Konjunkturråd 2020. Forskarna har bred bakgrund inom nationalekonomi, juridik, naturvetenskap och ingenjörsvetenskap. Tillsammans har de skrivit SNS Konjunkturrådsrapport 2020: Svensk politik för globalt klimat, där de fokuserar på hur politiken ska utformas för att bromsa och till slut stoppa klimatförändringarna.

Journal article
Wicked Problems of Smart Cities

Colding, J., S. Barthel and P. Sörqvist. 2019. Wicked Problems of Smart Cities. Smart Cities 2 (4):512-521.

It is often uncritically assumed that, when digital technologies are integrated into the operation of city functions, they inevitably contribute to sustainable urban development. Such anotion rests largely on the belief that Information and Communication Technology (ICT) solutions pave the way for more democratic forms of planning, and that ‘smart’ technological devices resultin a range of environmental benefits, e.g., energy efficiency and the mitigation of...

Journal article
Capturing emergent phenomena in social-ecological systems: an analytical framework

Schlüter, M., L. J. Haider, S. J. Lade, E. Lindkvist, R. Martin, K. Orach, N. Wijermans, and C. Folke. 2019. Capturing emergent phenomena in social-ecological systems: an analytical framework. Ecology and Society 24(3):11.

Social-ecological systems (SES) are complex adaptive systems. Social-ecological system phenomena, such as regime shifts, transformations, or traps, emerge from interactions among and between human and nonhuman entities within and across scales. Analyses of SES phenomena thus require approaches that can account for (1) the intertwinedness of social and ecological processes and (2) the ways they jointly give rise to emergent social-ecological patterns, structures, and dynamics...

Journal article
Toward understanding the dynamics of land change in Latin America: potential utility of a resilience approach for building archetypes of land-systems change

Rocha, J. C., M. Baraibar, L. Deutsch, A. de Bremond, J. Oestreicher, F. Rositano, and C. Gelabert. 2019. Toward understanding the dynamics of land change in Latin America: potential utility of a resilience approach for building archetypes of land-systems change. Ecology and Society 24(1):17.

Climate change, financial shocks, and fluctuations in international trade are some of the reasons why resilience is increasingly invoked in discussions about land-use policy. However, resilience assessments come with the challenge of operationalization, upscaling their conclusions while considering the context-specific nature of land-use dynamics and the common lack of long-term data. We revisit the approach of system archetypes for identifying resilience surrogates and apply it...

Journal article
Reframing the sustainable seafood narrative

Tlusty, M.F., P. Tyedmers, M. Bailey, F. Ziegler, P.J.G. Henriksson, C. Béné, S. Bush, R. Newton, F. Ashe, D. C. Little, M. Troell and M. Jonell. 2019. Reframing the sustainable seafood narrative. Global Environmental Change 59:101991..

The dominant sustainable seafood narrative is one where developed world markets catalyze practice improvements by fisheries and aquaculture producers that enhance ocean health. The narrow framing of seafood sustainability in terms of aquaculture or fisheries management and ocean health has contributed to the omission of these important food production systems from the discussion on global food system sustainability. This omission is problematic. Seafood makes critical...

Journal article
Measuring the impact of agricultural production shocks on international trade flows

Ferguson, S.M., and J. Gars. 2019. Measuring the impact of agricultural production shocks on international trade flows . European Review of Agricultural Economics https://doi.org/10.1093/erae/jbz013.

The purpose of this study is to measure the sensitivity of traded quantities and trade unit values to agricultural production shocks. We develop a general equilibrium model of trade in which production shocks in exporting countries affect both traded quantities and trade unit values. The model includes per-unit trade costs and develops a methodology to quantify their size exploiting the trade unit value data. Using...

Journal article
A more dynamic understanding of human behaviour for the Anthropocene

Schill, C., J. M. Anderies, T. Lindahl, C. Folke, S. Polasky, JC Cárdenas, A.-S. Crépin, M. A. Janssen, J. Norberg and M. Schlüter. 2019. A more dynamic understanding of human behaviour for the Anthropocene . Nature Sustainability 2:1075–1082.

Human behaviour is of profound significance in shaping pathways towards sustainability. Yet, the approach to understanding human behaviour in many fields remains reliant on overly simplistic models. For a better understanding of the interface between human behaviour and sustainability, we take work in behavioural economics and cognitive psychology as a starting point, but argue for an expansion of this work by adopting a more dynamic...