Book chapter
Con­trolled behavioural experiments

Lindahl, T., M.A. Janssen and C. Schill. 2021. Con­trolled behavioural experiments. In: Biggs, R., A. de Vos, R. Preiser, H. Clements, K. Macie­jewski and M. (Eds.). The Routledge Hand­book of Research Methods for Social-Eco­logical Systems. Routledge, London, UK. Pp. Chapter 21.

Chapter 21 focuses on controlled behavioural experiments, methods that randomly divide participants into different groups (treatments), controlling conditions across these treatments and allowing only the variable of interest to vary. Controlled behavioural experiments are used to test the conditions under which we can expect collective action to emerge. The chapter discusses controlled behavioural experiments in the form of common-pool resource games and public good games....

Journal article
Creating leadership collectives for sustainability transformations

Care, O., M. Bernstein, M. Chapman, I. Diaz Reviriego, G. Dressler, M. Felipe-Lucia, C. Friis, S. Graham, H. Haenke, L. Haider, M. Hernández-Morcillo, H. Hoffmann, M. Kernecker, P. Nicol, C. Piñeiro, H. Pitt, C. Schill, V. Seufert, K. Shu, V. Valencia, and J. Zaehringer. 2021. Creating leadership collectives for sustainability transformations. Sustainability Science 16:703–708.

Enduring sustainability challenges requires a new model of collective leadership that embraces critical reflection, inclusivity and care. Leadership collectives can support a move in academia from metrics to merits, from a focus on career to care, and enact a shift from disciplinary to inter- and trans-disciplinary research. Academic organisations need to reorient their training programs, work ethics and reward systems to encourage collective excellence and...

Journal article
Cooperation in the face of thresholds, risk, and uncertainty: Experimental evidence in fisher communities from Colombia

Rocha, J. C., C. Schill, L. M. Saavedra-Díaz, R. D. P. Moreno, and J. H. Maldonado. 2021. Cooperation in the face of thresholds, risk, and uncertainty: Experimental evidence in fisher communities from Colombia. PLoS ONE 15(12):e0242363.

Cooperation is thought to be a necessary condition to solve collective action dilemmas such as climate change or the sustainable use of common pool resources. Yet, it is poorly understood how situations pervaded by thresholds shape the behaviour of people facing collective dilemmas. Here we provide empirical evidence that resource users facing thresholds maintain on average cooperative behaviours in the sense of maximising their individual...

Beijer Discussion Paper
The role of resource dependency for sharing increasingly scarce resources: Evidence from a behavioural experiment with small-scale fishers

Lindahl. T., C. Schill and R. Jarungrattanapong. 2021. Beijer Discussion Paper 276: The role of resource dependency for sharing increasingly scarce resources: Evidence from a behavioural experiment with small-scale fishers. Beijer Discussion Paper Series.

In this paper we investigate to what extent resource dependency, which we here define as having few (or no) options to diversify one’s livelihood, affects how fishers, sharing a common fishing ground, respond to increasing resource scarcity. To this end we run a framed dynamic CPR experiment in Thailand with small-scale fishers, where we observe and compare behavioural responses of fishers that are presented with...

Beijer Discussion Paper
Uncertainty can help protect local commons in the face of climate change

Caroline Schill and Juan Carlos Rocha. 2019. Beijer Discussion Paper 270: Uncertainty can help protect local commons in the face of climate change. Beijer Discussion Paper Series.

Climate change is likely to trigger abrupt and potentially persistent changes in the structure and function of marine ecosystems1,2. Such ‘regime shifts’3 threaten the livelihoods of millions of people reliant on small-scale fisheries4. Yet, it is largely unknown how resource users cope with regime shifts, their uncertainty, and impacts. Here, we assess the potential for local collective action to avert uncertain, yet catastrophic, regime shifts....

Beijer Discussion Paper
Cooperation in the face of thresholds, risk and uncertainty

Rocha, J., C. Schill, L. M. Saavedra-Díaz, R. del Pilar Moreno and J. Higinio Maldonado. 2019. Beijer Discussion Paper 268: Cooperation in the face of thresholds, risk and uncertainty. Beijer Discussion Paper Series.

Cooperation is thought to be a necessary condition to solve collective dilemmas such as climate change or the sustainable use of common-pool resources. Yet, it is poorly understood how situations pervaded by thresholds shape the behaviour of people facing collective dilemmas. Here we provide empirical evidence that resource users facing thresholds maintain on average cooperative behaviours by maximising their individual earnings while ensuring future group...

Journal article
A more dynamic understanding of human behaviour for the Anthropocene

Schill, C., J. M. Anderies, T. Lindahl, C. Folke, S. Polasky, JC Cárdenas, A.-S. Crépin, M. A. Janssen, J. Norberg and M. Schlüter. 2019. A more dynamic understanding of human behaviour for the Anthropocene . Nature Sustainability 2:1075–1082.

Human behaviour is of profound significance in shaping pathways towards sustainability. Yet, the approach to understanding human behaviour in many fields remains reliant on overly simplistic models. For a better understanding of the interface between human behaviour and sustainability, we take work in behavioural economics and cognitive psychology as a starting point, but argue for an expansion of this work by adopting a more dynamic...

Journal article
Inequality and the Biosphere

Hamann, M., K. Berry, T. Chaigneau, T. Curry, R. Heilmayr, P. J. G. Henriksson, J. Hentati-Sundberg, A. Jina, E. Lindkvist, Y. Lopez-Maldonado, E. Nieminen, M. Piaggio, J. Qiu, J. C. Rocha, C. Schill, A. Shepon, A. R. Tilman, I. Van Den Bijgaart, and T. Wu. 2018. Inequality and the Biosphere. Annual Review of Environment and Resources 43:1, 61-83.

Rising inequalities and accelerating global environmental change pose two of the most pressing challenges of the twenty-first century. To explore how these phenomena are linked, we apply a social-ecological systems perspective and review the literature to identify six different types of interactions (or “pathways”) between inequality and the biosphere. We find that most of the research so far has only considered one-directional effects of inequality...

Journal article
The undisciplinary journey: early-career perspectives in sustainability science

Haider, L. J., J. Hentati-Sundberg, M. Giusti, J. Goodness, M. Hamann, V.A. Masterson, M. Meacham, A. Merrie, D. Ospina, C. Schill, and H. Sinare. 2018. The undisciplinary journey: early-career perspectives in sustainability science. Sustainability Science 13:191.

The establishment of interdisciplinary Master’s and PhD programs in sustainability science is opening up an exciting arena filled with opportunities for early-career scholars to address pressing sustainability challenges. However, embarking upon an interdisciplinary endeavor as an early-career scholar poses a unique set of challenges: to develop an individual scientific identity and a strong and specific methodological skill-set, while at the same time gaining the ability...

Journal article
Cooperation Is Not Enough—Exploring Social-Ecological Micro-Foundations for Sustainable Common-Pool Resource Use

Schill C,. N.Wijermans, M. Schlüter, and T. Lindahl. 2016. Cooperation Is Not Enough—Exploring Social-Ecological Micro-Foundations for Sustainable Common-Pool Resource Use. PLoS ONE 11(11):e0165009.

Cooperation amongst resource users holds the key to overcoming the social dilemma that characterizes community-based common-pool resource management. But is cooperation alone enough to achieve sustainable resource use? The short answer is no. Developing management strategies in a complex social-ecological environment also requires ecological knowledge and approaches to deal with perceived environmental uncertainty. Recent behavioral experimental research indicates variation in the degree to which a...