Beijer Discussion Paper
Machine intelligence, systemic risks, and sustainability

Galaz, V. et al. . 2021. Beijer Discussion Paper 274: Machine intelligence, systemic risks, and sustainability. Beijer Discussion Paper Series.

Automated decision making and predictive analytics in combination with rapid progress in sensor technology and robotics are likely to change the way individuals, communities, governments and private actors perceive and respond to climate and ecological change. Machine intelligent methods are already today being applied within a number of research fields related to climate change and environmental monitoring. Investments into applications of these technologies in agriculture,...

Journal article
Blind spots in visions of a ‘‘blue economy’’ could undermine the ocean’s contribution to eliminating hunger and malnutrition

Farmery, A. K., E. H. Allison, N. L. Andrew, M. Troell, M. Voyer, B. Campbell, H. Eriksson, M. Fabinyi, A. M. Song and D. Steenbergen. 2021. Blind spots in visions of a ‘‘blue economy’’ could undermine the ocean’s contribution to eliminating hunger and malnutrition. One Earth 4(1):28-38.

Increasing the production of food from the ocean is seen as a pathway toward more sustainable and healthier human diets. Yet this potential is being overshadowed by competing uses of ocean resources in an accelerating ‘‘blue economy.’’ The current emphasis on production growth, rather than equitable distribution of benefits, has created three unexamined or flawed assumptions that growth in the blue economy will lead to...

Journal article
Emerging COVID-19 impacts, responses, and lessons for building resilience in the seafood system

Love, D.C., E.H. Allison, F. Asche, B. Belton, R.S. Cottrell, H.E. Froehlich, J.A. Gephart, C.C. Hicks, D. Little, E.M. Nussbaumer, P. Pinto da Silva, F. Poulain, A. Rubio, J.S. Stoll, M. F. Tlusty, A.L. Thorne-Lyman, M. Troell, and W. Zhang. 2021. Emerging COVID-19 impacts, responses, and lessons for building resilience in the seafood system. Global Food Security 28:100494.

The COVID-19 pandemic and subsequent lockdowns are creating health and economic crises that threaten food and nutrition security. The seafood sector provides important sources of nutrition and employment, especially in low-income countries, and is highly globalized allowing shocks to propagate. We studied COVID-19-related disruptions, impacts, and responses to the seafood sector from January through May 2020, using a food sys-tem resilience ‘action cycle’ framework as...

Journal article
Decoupling economic and energy growth: aspiration or reality?

Guo, J. C.-Z. Li, and C. Wei. 2021. Decoupling economic and energy growth: aspiration or reality?. Environmental Research Letters 044017.

Energy has long been a driving force of economic growth; however, it comes with environmental costs and security challenges. This study analyzes the energy–economy nexus and explores their decoupling possibilities by using cross-country data over the years 1971–2014. The results indicate that, while energy use and economic growth exhibit a typical inverted U-shaped decoupling relationship for the industrialized countries, they have been rising in tandem...

Journal article
Urbanisation in and for the Anthropocene

Elmqvist, T, E. Andersson, T. McPhearson, X. Bai, L. Bettencourt, E. Brondizio, J. Colding, G. Daily, C. Folke, N. Grimm, D. Haase, D. Ospina, S Parnell, S. Polasky, K.C. Seto, and S. van Der Leeuw. 2021. Urbanisation in and for the Anthropocene. npj Urban Sustainability 1(6).

Key insights on needs in urban regional governance – Global urbanization (the increasing concentration in urban settlements of the increasing world population), is a driver and accelerator of shifts in diversity, new cross-scale interactions, decoupling from ecological processes, increasing risk and exposure to shocks. Responding to the challenges of urbanization demands fresh commitments to a city–regional perspective in ways that are explictly embedded in the...

Journal article
Fundamentally Redefining Resilience and Development: A Coevolutionary Perspective

Haider, L.J., M. Schlüter, C. Folke, and B. Reyers. 2021. Fundamentally Redefining Resilience and Development: A Coevolutionary Perspective. Ambio https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-020-01485-8.

The interdependence of social and ecological processes is broadly acknowledged in the pursuit to enhance human wellbeing and prosperity for all. Yet, development interventions continue to prioritise economic development and short-term goals with little consideration of social-ecological interdependencies, ultimately undermining resilience and therefore efforts to deliver development outcomes. We propose and advance a coevolutionary perspective for rethinking development and its relationship to resilience. The perspective rests on...

Journal article
Our future in the Anthropocene biosphere

Folke, C., Polasky, S., Rockström, J. et al. 2021. Our future in the Anthropocene biosphere. Ambio 50:834–869.

The COVID-19 pandemic has exposed an interconnected and tightly coupled globalized world in rapid change. This article sets the scientific stage for understanding and responding to such change for global sustainability and resilient societies. We provide a systemic overview of the current situation where people and nature are dynamically intertwined and embedded in the biosphere, placing shocks and extreme events as part of this dynamic;...

Journal article
A 20-year retrospective review of global aquaculture

Naylor R.L., R. W. Hardy, A. H. Buschmann, S. R. Bush, L. Cao, D. H. Klinger, D: C. Little, J. Lubchenco, S. E. Shumway and M. Troell. 2021. A 20-year retrospective review of global aquaculture. Nature 591:551–563.

The sustainability of aquaculture has been debated intensely since 2000, when a review on the net contribution of aquaculture to world fish supplies was published in Nature. This paper reviews the developments in global aquaculture from 1997 to 2017, incorporating all industry sub-sectors and highlighting the integration of aquaculture in the global food system. Inland aquaculture—especially in Asia—has contributed the most to global production volumes and...

Journal article
An ecosystem service perspective on urban nature, physical activity, and health

Remme, R. P., H. Frumkin, A. D. Guerry, A. C. King, L. Mandle, C. Sarabu, G. N. Bratman, B. Giles-Corti, P. Hamel, B. Han, J. L. Hicks, P. James, J. J. Lawler, T. Lindahl, H. Liu, Y. Lu, B. Oosterbroek, B. Paudel, J. F. Sallis, J. Schipperijn, R. Sosič, S. de Vries, B. W. Wheeler, S. A. Wood, T. Wu, and G. C. Daily. 2021. An ecosystem service perspective on urban nature, physical activity, and health. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 118 (22) e2018472118.

Nature underpins human well-being in critical ways, especially in health. Nature provides pollination of nutritious crops, purification of drinking water, protection from floods, and climate security, among other well-studied health benefits. A crucial, yet challenging, research frontier is clarifying how nature promotes physical activity for its many mental and physical health benefits, particularly in densely populated cities with scarce and dwindling access to nature. Here...

Journal article
More than fish: Policy coherence and benefit sharing as necessary conditions for equitable aquaculture development

Brugere, C., M. Troell and H. Eriksson. 2021. More than fish: Policy coherence and benefit sharing as necessary conditions for equitable aquaculture development. Marine Policy 123:104271.

Aquaculture development is part of the Blue Economy narrative and it may offer opportunities for improving the well-being of coastal people and the wider population. However, unlocking its full potential is unlikely to occur through sole focus on increasing production. Using a framework for identifying the “people-policy gap” in aquaculture as a starting point, we introduce benefit sharing as a necessary and complementary concept to...