NEWS 2020-02-11

Central banks and climate change

In her first speech as Deputy Governor of Sweden’s central bank, Anna Breman talked about the global climate crisis and the challenges it brings, and stressed the need to avoid regime shifts.

In her speech, Anna Breman emphasised that the central bank have to fully incoroprate the risk of irreversible regime shifts in the climate system and act accordingly. “The central bank, together with other institutions, have  to  conduct policies that aims at avoiding such regime shifts. If we pass critical tipping points, we have to be humble and recognice that the central bank has limited means of action”, she said.

Furthermore, she presented key mesures that the central bank could use to hamper effects of climate change, but also how it can act to prevent it to escalate. Putting a prize on CO2 needs to be a priority for society, she claimed, and pointed to a study showing that a high tax on CO2 emissions is a cheap measure, the losses for society are higher with a low carbontax.

International collaboration is key, she continued and in the following panel discussion she underlined that very much can be done within the current mandate of the central bank, it is a question on how you interpret and use this mandate.

The seminar (in Swedish) was filmed and the video is available for view below.

See video of the seminar

The talk was followed by a panel discussion  with:

Anna Breman, Riksbanken
Anne-Sophie Crépin, Beijerinstitutet för ekologisk ekonomi, Kungl. Vetenskapsakademien
Aaron Maltais, Stockholm Environment Institute & Stockholm Sustainable Finance Centre
Per Strömberg, Handelshögskolan i Stockholm

Moderator: Victor Galaz, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholms universitet & Global Economic Dynamics and the Biosphere Program, Kungl. Vetenskapsakademien

This event was arranged by: Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholms University; The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences;  Stockholm School of Businessoch Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI),  in collaboration with the Beijer Instituet; Global Economic Dynamic and the Biosphere Program (GEDB); Stockholm Sustainable Finance Centre (SSFC); Mistra Center for Sustainable Markets (Misum).