Journal article
More than fish: Policy coherence and benefit sharing as necessary conditions for equitable aquaculture development

Brugere, C., M. Troell and H. Eriksson. 2021. More than fish: Policy coherence and benefit sharing as necessary conditions for equitable aquaculture development. Marine Policy 123:104271.

Aquaculture development is part of the Blue Economy narrative and it may offer opportunities for improving the well-being of coastal people and the wider population. However, unlocking its full potential is unlikely to occur through sole focus on increasing production. Using a framework for identifying the “people-policy gap” in aquaculture as a starting point, we introduce benefit sharing as a necessary and complementary concept to...

Beijer Discussion Paper
Machine intelligence, systemic risks, and sustainability

Galaz, V. et al. . 2021. Beijer Discussion Paper 274: Machine intelligence, systemic risks, and sustainability. Beijer Discussion Paper Series.

Automated decision making and predictive analytics in combination with rapid progress in sensor technology and robotics are likely to change the way individuals, communities, governments and private actors perceive and respond to climate and ecological change. Machine intelligent methods are already today being applied within a number of research fields related to climate change and environmental monitoring. Investments into applications of these technologies in agriculture,...

Journal article
Blind spots in visions of a ‘‘blue economy’’ could undermine the ocean’s contribution to eliminating hunger and malnutrition

Farmery, A. K., E. H. Allison, N. L. Andrew, M. Troell, M. Voyer, B. Campbell, H. Eriksson, M. Fabinyi, A. M. Song and D. Steenbergen. 2021. Blind spots in visions of a ‘‘blue economy’’ could undermine the ocean’s contribution to eliminating hunger and malnutrition. One Earth 4(1):28-38.

Increasing the production of food from the ocean is seen as a pathway toward more sustainable and healthier human diets. Yet this potential is being overshadowed by competing uses of ocean resources in an accelerating ‘‘blue economy.’’ The current emphasis on production growth, rather than equitable distribution of benefits, has created three unexamined or flawed assumptions that growth in the blue economy will lead to...

Journal article
Emerging COVID-19 impacts, responses, and lessons for building resilience in the seafood system

Love, D.C., E.H. Allison, F. Asche, B. Belton, R.S. Cottrell, H.E. Froehlich, J.A. Gephart, C.C. Hicks, D. Little, E.M. Nussbaumer, P. Pinto da Silva, F. Poulain, A. Rubio, J.S. Stoll, M. F. Tlusty, A.L. Thorne-Lyman, M. Troell, and W. Zhang. 2021. Emerging COVID-19 impacts, responses, and lessons for building resilience in the seafood system. Global Food Security 28:100494.

The COVID-19 pandemic and subsequent lockdowns are creating health and economic crises that threaten food and nutrition security. The seafood sector provides important sources of nutrition and employment, especially in low-income countries, and is highly globalized allowing shocks to propagate. We studied COVID-19-related disruptions, impacts, and responses to the seafood sector from January through May 2020, using a food sys-tem resilience ‘action cycle’ framework as...

Journal article
Decoupling economic and energy growth: aspiration or reality?

Guo, J. C.-Z. Li, and C. Wei. 2021. Decoupling economic and energy growth: aspiration or reality?. Environmental Research Letters 044017.

Energy has long been a driving force of economic growth; however, it comes with environmental costs and security challenges. This study analyzes the energy–economy nexus and explores their decoupling possibilities by using cross-country data over the years 1971–2014. The results indicate that, while energy use and economic growth exhibit a typical inverted U-shaped decoupling relationship for the industrialized countries, they have been rising in tandem...

Journal article
Urbanisation in and for the Anthropocene

Elmqvist, T, E. Andersson, T. McPhearson, X. Bai, L. Bettencourt, E. Brondizio, J. Colding, G. Daily, C. Folke, N. Grimm, D. Haase, D. Ospina, S Parnell, S. Polasky, K.C. Seto, and S. van Der Leeuw. 2021. Urbanisation in and for the Anthropocene. npj Urban Sustainability 1(6).

Key insights on needs in urban regional governance – Global urbanization (the increasing concentration in urban settlements of the increasing world population), is a driver and accelerator of shifts in diversity, new cross-scale interactions, decoupling from ecological processes, increasing risk and exposure to shocks. Responding to the challenges of urbanization demands fresh commitments to a city–regional perspective in ways that are explictly embedded in the...

Journal article
Fundamentally Redefining Resilience and Development: A Coevolutionary Perspective

Haider, L.J., M. Schlüter, C. Folke, and B. Reyers. 2021. Fundamentally Redefining Resilience and Development: A Coevolutionary Perspective. Ambio https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-020-01485-8.

The interdependence of social and ecological processes is broadly acknowledged in the pursuit to enhance human wellbeing and prosperity for all. Yet, development interventions continue to prioritise economic development and short-term goals with little consideration of social-ecological interdependencies, ultimately undermining resilience and therefore efforts to deliver development outcomes. We propose and advance a coevolutionary perspective for rethinking development and its relationship to resilience. The perspective rests on...

Journal article
Our future in the Anthropocene biosphere

Folke, C., Polasky, S., Rockström, J. et al. 2021. Our future in the Anthropocene biosphere. Ambio 50:834–869.

The COVID-19 pandemic has exposed an interconnected and tightly coupled globalized world in rapid change. This article sets the scientific stage for understanding and responding to such change for global sustainability and resilient societies. We provide a systemic overview of the current situation where people and nature are dynamically intertwined and embedded in the biosphere, placing shocks and extreme events as part of this dynamic;...

Journal article
Mapping social-ecological systems archetypes

Rocha, R., K. Malmborg, L. Gordon, K. Brauman and F. DeClerck. 2020. Mapping social-ecological systems archetypes. Environ. Res. Lett. 15, 034017.

Achieving sustainable development goals requires targeting and monitoring sustainable solutions tailored to different social and ecological contexts. A social-ecological systems(SESs) framework was developed to help diagnose problems, identify complex interactions, and solutions tailored to each SES. Here we develop a data-driven method for upscaling the SES framework and apply it to a context where data is scarce, but also where solutions towards sustainable development are...

Other
Underlagsrapport 2020:4 Metoder för att ändra kostvanor

Malin Jonell and Therese Lindahl. 2020. Underlagsrapport 2020:4 Metoder för att ändra kostvanor. Konsumentverket .

This report aims at providing an overview of various methods that can be used to influence people’s diets. Given the negative environmental impact and potentially negative health effects that may be associated with the consumption of animal foods, this report focuses on methods for reducing the consumption of these foods, especially red meat. In addition to identifying overall methods, we zoom in on a number...